Consisting of three main bones connected via the sacroiliac joints and pubic symphysis, the pelvis is shaped like an oval in women and like a heart in men. It houses vital organs involved in the reproductive, urinary, and digestive systems.
Supporting the weight of the head, arms and trunk, as well as shock absorbing ground forces, the pelvis is a central meeting point. With the sacroiliac joint taking most of the weight.
It has many muscle attachments, 35 in fact, from both the upper limbs and lowers limbs, and has many ligaments and other soft tissues for support.
Common pelvic conditions include:
- Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
- Osteitis pubis
- Hernia and abdominal pathology
- Stress fractures
- Pubic symphysis instability